Inside-outside circle

Inside/Outside Circle Spencer Kagan

  1. Number off by 2
  1. Number 1s stand up, then make a small circle facing out
  1. Number 2s make an outside circle facing a partner from the inside circle
  1. Teacher asks a question and #1s shares with #2s for one minute
  1. Reverse Roles  (#2s share with #1s for one minute)
  1. Outside circle rotates 2 or 3 places clockwise


  • Appropriate think time improves the quality of students’ responses

• Engaged with different questions and answers

• Encourages community building with movement and interaction

• Safer and easier to enter discussion with a classmate

• Can be easily incorporated into lessons (no materials necessary)

  • Provides an engaging way to practice vocabulary, formulas, things to be memorized.


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